Seed bank ppt

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Water 'climbs' up straws through capillary action. How to make a self-watering container Tags: bank save seed seeds straws world. Latest Highest Rated. Eventually, World Food Corps Seed Bank will send seeds for family gardens and school gardens to other parts of the world.

Desertification is a global phenomenon. Van Cotthem is a botanist, he studies plants. Botany is a branch of biology because plants are living things. He's kind of like a doctor for plants.

Best Seedbank of 2019-2020

He studies their growth, reproduction, diseases, metabolism, etc. Dr Van Cotthem knows a lot about desertification and how to grow fruits and vegetables in drylands.

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Van Cotthem is a scientist who doesn't just study plants in libraries and classrooms. He applies his scientific knowledge to the real world, this is called technology. He travels to Northwest Africa to transfer his knowledge of science and technology to ensure that the precious seeds you send grow into healthy, delicious fruits and vegetables.

This is called a technology transfer. By definition deserts are barren with sparse vegetation, very little rainfall, and extreme temperatures Soil or sand in the desert retains water poorly and lacks sufficient organic matter for plants to thrive. Your seeds need a lot of help to grow in the desert Precious water must be used sparingly and the soil has to be fed with nutrients It's not enough to deliver water directly to the root area of plants, the surrounding soil must be conditioned with nutrients and water retaining materials.

Container gardening requires minimal potting soil and water. Container gardening is one part of the solution for desert farming. Children in Africa and South Asia learn to make self-watering containers so that they can grow their own food at school.Our gardens might be closed but you can still escape to Kew and Wakehurst whilst you're at home.

Within the vaults of the Millennium Seed Bank is the Seed Collection, which represents the greatest concentration of living seed-plant diversity on Earth. The bank is a global resource for conservation and sustainable use of plants.

The seed collections are also accessible resources for research, and for the creation of sustainable solutions to the great problems facing the world — food security, disease, climate change and biodiversity loss. The collections are curated to a high standard, to achieve and maintain high collection quality data, viability, diversity, etc. The seed collections in the Millennium Seed Bank constitute the largest and most diverse wild plant species genetic resource in the world.

Kew was an early leader in seed banking: first developed for crops, then applied to wild species. That is, at least one collection each of around An average of one or two collections per species is not sufficient; and there is increasing focus on sub-specific taxa and appropriate eco-geographic and genetic representation, through multi-provenance species collections.

For example, the almost complete coverage of the species in the UK native flora is now being supplemented by targeted, intraspecific collections. With 60, tospecies of plant threatened with extinction, seed collection priority is on those species most at risk — the endangered and endemic; together with those likely to be most useful in the future, through enabling human adaptation and innovation.

Climate change also presents significant threats to plant biodiversity; and, as well as from dryland areas of the world, collections are being sought from ecosystems most at risk from climate change — montane, maritime and island.

Alongside these priorities are two further important themes: forestry and trees; and crop wild relatives. In the UK, the UK National Tree Seed Project is establishing a national tree seed collection to facilitate long term research into native trees and their conservation and management in the UK landscape.

Collections are not only from populations across the country, but also from individual mother trees within those populations, to optimise future access to genetic diversity. Crop wild relative species potentially hold important traits for the development of resilience; and yet they are currently under-represented in seed bank collections around the world. The collections are curated to international gene-bank standards. However, when these are not applicable to wild species collections, we rely on our considerable experience to develop and set global standards.

These are applied across the MSB Partnership to ensure that collections are of optimum quality. All elements of the seed collection curation process are aimed at ensuring the highest quality collections; from data and identification, through the longevity and viability of each collection, to understanding how to break dormancy, so as to ensure maximum germination and so avoid selection at that stage in the life cycle. As well as resources for research, the collections also raise research questions themselves.

So-called recalcitrant species have seeds that cannot be dried and therefore cannot be banked. While current data suggests that overall about one in ten species has such seeds, the proportion rises to half, and possibly more among tree and shrub species in tropical moist forests. Research is underway at the MSB to develop novel methods for such seeds, and plans for a large-scale cryogenic storage facility, the Kew Cryosphere, are underway.

Furthermore, we now know there is considerable variation among orthodox species in their expected longevities in the bank. Again, backup of sub-samples in cryo-storage is routinely used to extend storage lives of short-lived species. Indeed, it is becoming clear that there is a spectrum of seed storage behaviours, and longevities, even within species, dependent on both phylogeny and environment maternal and post-harvest. Finally, and above all, the collections are there to be used for many purposes, including: for all kinds of research, plant breeding, species re-introduction and vegetation restoration.Copy embed code:.

Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed. WordPress Embed Customize Embed. URL: Copy. Karnwal Asstt. This was primarily to educate the farmers for quality seed production. Found to be very helpful in keeping varieties pure during seed production.

InKarnataka was the first state to establish the Seed Certification Agency as an autonomous body. At present, 22 states in the country have their own Seed Certification Agency establish under the Seed Act, The integrity of certified seed growers must be recognized. Field inspection must be made by through qualified field inspectors. Verification trials to establish and maintain satisfactory pedigree of seed stock. Standard should be maintained for purity and germination. The principles of sealing seeds to protect both grower and purchase must be approved.

PowerPoint Presentation: Objective The main objective:- to ensure the acceptable standards of seed viability, vigour, purity and seed health. A well organized seed certification help in accomplishing the following primary objectives.

The systematic increase of superior varieties. The identification of new varieties and their rapid increase under appropriate and generally accepted names. Provision for continuous supply of comparable material by careful maintenance. Seed Certification: Objective PowerPoint Presentation: Eligibility requirements for certification Any variety to become eligible for seed certification should meet the following requirement: General requirements Field standards Specific requirements Seed Standards Seed Certification: Eligibility requirements PowerPoint Presentation: Eligibility requirements for certification General requirements: Should be a notified variety under Section-5 of the Indian Seed Act, Should be in the production chain and its pedigree should be traceable.

Field standards : Field standards include the selection of site, isolation requirements, spacing, planting ratio, border rows etc.

seed bank ppt

Seed Certification: Eligibility requirements PowerPoint Presentation: Eligibility requirements for certification Specific Requirements: Presence of off-types in any seed crop, pollen-shedders in Sorghum, BajraSunflower etc. Seed Certification: Eligibility requirements PowerPoint Presentation: Seed Certification phases : Verification of seed source, class and other requirements of the seed used for raising the seed crop.

Receipt and scrutiny of application. Inspection of the seed crop in the field to verify its conformity to the prescribed field standards. Supervision at post-harvest stages including processing and packing. Drawing of samples and arranging for analysis to verify conformity to the seed standards; and Grant of certificate, issue of certification tags, labelling, sealing etc. Unless the seed is from approved source and of designated class certification agency will not accept the seed field for certification.

Field Inspection : Evaluation of the growing crop in the field for varietal purityisolation of seed crop is to prevent out-crossphysical admixturesdisease dissemination and also ensure crop condition as regards to the spread of designated diseases and the presence of objectionable weed plants etc.Copy embed code:. Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed. WordPress Embed Customize Embed. URL: Copy. Presentation Description Kush Online Market Strains are a couple of cannabis loving enthusiasts that enjoy experiencing new strains and edibles and passing them onto our friends and customers.

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Go to Application. USIn the wake of the Green Revolution, farmers have suffered the effects of outside intervention that has uprooted local customs and erased local varieties of seeds that supported their environments, economies and traditional cultures. India is a country rich in biodiversity.

Its interest in this issue began after learning that a number of indigenous seeds were rapidly becoming extinct. This was partly due to great changes in agriculture and rural life following the Green Revolution, which began introducing hybrid seeds grown in monocultures, which required increasingly larger inputs of fertilizers and pesticides. Meanwhile, the simultaneous commercialization of agriculture forced farmers to depend more and more on external market forces.

GF began working in with a few seeds and five women farmers in two villages in the drylands of the Deccan Plateau of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu states. Foundation members began asking farmers—mostly small and marginal--to conserve landraces native varieties on a small portion of their land and to observe and evaluate their progress.

From here, the idea of community seed banks was conceived. The first of these was in the village of Yerindyapanahalli. Over the years, however, the work has grown and includes collection, multiplication, evaluation, and farmer participation in selection, rating and distribution of seed. Today GF works with some 2, farmers in villages and 50 community seed banks where indigenous seed varieties are stored. It also has a conservation center in Thally village where a gene bank is maintained.

Seed Bank PowerPoint PPT Presentations

Initially it was difficult to gain the trust of farmers, and to convince them that switching from hybrid seeds to native ones would not cause them to suffer losses over reduced yields, so GF convinced farmers to grow the seeds in small plots at first.

Gradually farmers became convinced that although yields may have been reduced, especially at first, the amount of required inputs chemical fertilizers and pesticides also went down. One of the participatory survey projects involved the creation of an agricultural calendar, which showed seasonal food availability, rituals, and division of labor by gender.

It revealed that during the main rains, pulses and cereal reserves were down, and the community depended on wild plants to supplement their diets: fruits, vegetables, tubers, and shoots. At one time, India hadvarieties of paddy rice gown fields submerged in waterranging from wetland to dryland to deep water and scented, 30, of which were grown in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

The real work was done in several stages. First, informal discussions with farmers and the community preferably through existing councils or self-help groups were held to find out and revive the disappearing local varieties.

These species were then collected and seed banks were created to store them for multiplication. Managed by local SHGs self-help groupsthe seed banks collect, distribute and multiply local varieties of seeds in an organized manner.

Today, the 50 community seed banks are operated by an average of people each, mostly women, currently saving 43 varieties of finger millets, 84 paddy, 24 sorghum, 44 minor millets, 53 pulses, 14 oilseeds, 4 wheat, and types of vegetables.

Out of this, a Seed Management Committee SMCwhich is a federation of community seed banks, was created, which meets regularly to share information and discuss various issues.

Biodiversity Seed banks in India

When Green Foundation withdraws from the area, this SMC will take over the management of the seed banks. Women with land who are unable to farm it due to poverty, or landless women, are supported with community farming.

An acre of land is given for integrated farming, with traditional and improved methods of organic farming, included with animal husbandry, and the harvest is shared among the participants, while a percentage is given to GF for further distribution.

Livestock is encouraged as it is a valuable source of fertilizer, as one result of the increased mechanization of farming is the need for chemical fertilizers. Reviving these gardens has also been encouraged to increase food security.

Farmers are also encouraged to grow indigeneous forest species in fields to provide shade, mulch, fodder and fuel.Our food and livelihood security depend on the sustained management of diverse biological resources that are economically important. The conservation of biodiversity in crop production systems is inherently linked to sustainable use and preservation, since the particular plant species would have been cultivated and nurtured for centuries.

Biodiversity is defined as the variety or differences in the living organisms on earth. It could mean differences in genetics, species, or in the ecosystem. All living organisms on the land, water and in air have their own diversity. Being the seventh largest country in the world, India is naturally major hub for biodiversity. Two of the 18 biodiversity hotspots in the world — the Himalayas and the Western Ghats — are present in the country. According to MoEF Reportthe country is estimated to have 49, plant species and 81, animal species, representing Agricultural biodiversity or agro-biodiversity is sub-set of biodiversity that has resulted from the natural selection processes and inventive developments of farming, herding and fishing by human over millennia.

It consists of the diversity of genetic varieties, breeds and species used for food, fodder, fiber, fuel and pharmaceuticals. It also includes the diversity of non-harvested species that support production such as soil micro-organisms, predators, pollinatorsas well as those in the wider environment that support agro-ecosystems. Agro biodiversity plays an important role in agriculture, so local knowledge and culture can be considered as integral parts of agrobiodiversity, because it is the human activity of agriculture that shapes and conserves this biodiversity.

The conservation of agro-biodiversity in crop production systems is inherently linked to sustainable use and preservation, since the particular plant species would have been cultivated and nurtured for centuries. So local knowledge and culture are integral parts of agro-biodiversity management.

Further, Biodiversity provides critical support for drug discovery and the availability of medicinal resources, since a major proportion of drugs are derived from biological sources. A vast amount of agricultural biodiversity is being lost, as farmers abandon locally developed, centuries old seeds for the new hybrids. India is reckoned to have had overvarieties of rice a century ago; it now has only a few thousand.

There are an estimated 8. Many of them may vanish due to climate changes, human activities or due to natural disasters before we can understand their importance. Hence, it is important to not only know about biodiversity and also to take action to conserve them for our future generation. Here comes the role of seed banks. A seed bank is a type of gene bank where seeds of different crops and rare plant species are stored for future use. Seed banks are created to maintain and protect biodiversity, where samples of all species are collected and stored.

In case seed reserves elsewhere are destroyed, the seed bank is opened to provide seeds to farmers at defined quantities for growing plants. Most of the seeds can be stored for centuries without damaging their genetic properties. However, they should be replanted after a certain time period in order to avoid eventual DNA damage.

seed bank ppt

The seeds are frozen at temperatures below -4 degrees centigrade and stored in seed vaults. Seed banks primarily involve in selecting, collecting, and storing seed varieties. They also form seed exchange networks with government organizations, NGOs and community seed banks across the world. They also form ex situ storage facilities.

They help in seed exchange, on farm conversation with experts and farmers, training and capacity building for farmers and continuous monitoring of cultivation. The Indian government established the National Seeds Corporation in both at the national level and in every state. Working under the Ministry of Agriculture, NSC undertakes production, processing and marketing of agricultural seeds. It is also involved in formulation of seed certification standards done through seed testing laboratories by checking the compatibility of different seeds.

For each region or village there are community seed banks available for exchanging seeds. Apart from government organizations, several private and voluntary organizations have also set up seed banks across the country.You will receive a confirmation email shortly. The Crop Trust respects your privacy. Check our Privacy policy. It is a long-term seed storage facility, built to stand the test of time — and the challenge of natural or man-made disasters.

Launch the VR visit of the Seed Vault. Worldwide, more than 1, genebanks hold collections of food crops for safekeeping, yet many of these are vulnerable, exposed not only to natural catastrophes and war, but also to avoidable disasters, such as lack of funding or poor management.

Something as mundane as a poorly functioning freezer can ruin an entire collection. And the loss of a crop variety is as irreversible as the extinction of a dinosaur, animal or any form of life. Permafrost and thick rock ensure that the seed samples will remain frozen even without power. It will secure, for centuries, millions of seeds representing every important crop variety available in the world today. It is the final back up. Svalbard is the farthest north a person can fly on a scheduled flight, offering a remote location that is nevertheless accessible.

The Vault is well above sea level, protected from ocean flooding according to worst case scenario sea level rises. The permafrost offers the Vault room with a natural freezing, providing a cost effective and fail-safe method to conserve seeds.

India - Karnataka - A Growing Network of Seed Banks and Organic Farms

The Seed Vault has the capacity to store 4. Each variety will contain on average seeds, so a maximum of 2. Currently, the Vault holds more thansamples, originating from almost every country in the world. Ranging from unique varieties of major African and Asian food staples such as maize, rice, wheat, cowpea, and sorghum to European and South American varieties of eggplant, lettuce, barley, and potato.

In fact, the Vault already holds the most diverse collection of food crop seeds in the world.

seed bank ppt

It will take some years to assemble because some genebanks need to multiply stocks of seed first, and other seeds need regenerating before they can be shipped to Svalbard. The packages are sealed inside boxes and stored on shelves inside the vault. The low temperature and moisture levels inside the Vault ensure low metabolic activity, keeping the seeds viable for long periods of time.

The depositors who will deposit material will do so consistently with relevant national and international law. The Seed Vault will only agree to receive seeds that are shared under the Multilateral System or under Article 15 of the International Treaty or seeds that have originated in the country of the depositor.

Each country or institution will still own and control access to the seeds they have deposited.


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